What is Front End and Back End Coding

Codeworks Frontend and Backend

Front-end vs Back-end: Understanding the Differences

There are several important differences between the front-end and back-end. To better understand these two concepts, imagine this: think of the front-end as the exterior of a car and the backend as all the machinery inside.

On a website, the front-end is the part of the website with which users interact. This includes the graphical user interface, as well as features like navigation menus, images and videos, text, design, etc. On the other hand, the back-end represents the part of the website that operates your application and remains invisible to users.

The Front-end: Creating the Visual Experience

Imagine you are browsing your favorite website. The attractive colors, intuitive layout, and buttons are all part of the front-end.

The front-end focuses on the visible and interactive part of a website. A front-end developer is responsible for creating the visual experience you have when interacting with a site. Their goal is to offer users a satisfying experience. With this in mind, they create and implement graphic elements that allow users to find their way around the interface and to easily handle it. 

The key languages of the Front-End are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

      • HTML defines the structure of web content (fonts, colors, etc.)

      • CSS manages formatting and appearance

      • JavaScript, for its part, is a programming language to make the website interactive by inserting animations or others to energize the page.

    A front-end developer must also take into account the site’s responsiveness; the “Responsive Web Design”. In other words, its ability to adapt smoothly to different screen sizes, from desktop computers to smartphones

    The Back-end: Behind the Scenes of Functionality

    If the front-end is the visible part of an internet site, the back-end is the brain behind its operation!

    Back-end development aims to make a website or application run smoothly. Its role is to set up server-level programming to execute the required actions when visitors interact with the site.

    In short, the back-end developer ensures that each user click triggers the appropriate action on the site.

    A back-end developer will primarily work with languages such as NodeJS, Python, PHP, and others. They are responsible for creating robust and secure systems to store, retrieve, and manage data. That said, they must not only set up the server that will host all the information and codes but also know how to manage databases. For example, when a user logs into a site, it’s the back-end that checks the login information and grants access!

    Their work is not only at the creation of the site but also throughout its existence. This includes updates, bug fixes, adding new features, and much more.

    In this way, the front-end and back-end communicate to allow the application to be interactive and to respond to user requests.

    Fullstack: Combination between the Front-end and the Back-end

    By now you’ve probably figured out, the front-end developer and the back-end developer combine their knowledge!

    To carry out a website or mobile application project, mastering technical skills in both front-end and back-end development is essential.

    And what if, instead of being one or the other separately, you could be both?

    You would be a 2 in 1 profile: the incredibly sought after full-stack developer.

    In addition to having great autonomy in creating a website, mastering both skills will allow you to understand the issues and impacts of each of the interfaces. You will benefit from a broader vision of the projects assigned to you.

    Junior full-stack profiles earn between 39,000 to 45,000 euros in annual due to a very high demand from startups. and more, infact, they are among the most sought-after in the new tech market.

    If you find yourself wanting to get more involved in the front end, back end scene, why not take our free into course into Javascript?

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