What is HTML

What is HTML

HTML, short for HyperText Markup Language, is like the backbone of the web. It’s what gives structure and substance to every website out there. Think about it – text, images, videos, tables, links, forms, you name it – they all find their place on the web through HTML. It’s basically the skeleton of any webpage. And the best part? It’s not rocket science to learn. Compared to diving into other programming languages, HTML is like dipping your toes in a calm pond, especially if you’re keen on web design.

Who’s the genius behind HTML, you ask? Well, none other than Tim Berners-Lee, way back in 1990. He was doing some contractor gig at CERN when he cooked up this brilliant idea. Remember the World Wide Web (WWW) he unleashed the year before? HTML was his way of making multimedia websites look spiffy on it. And since then, it’s been through quite the evolution. We’re talking HTML 2, HTML 3, HTML 4 – all leading up to the granddaddy of them all, HTML 5, reigning supreme since 2014.

Now, if you’re thinking of getting your hands dirty with HTML, you’ll want to cozy up to a few handy tools. Notepad++, Coffecup HTML Editor, RJ TextEd, and Atom – these Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) are your go-tos for crafting HTML magic.

But hey, HTML isn’t the lone ranger in the web design world. Cue CSS (Cascade Style Sheets) – the partner in crime to HTML. If you want your website to be more than just a bland page of text, CSS is your ticket to spicing things up. It’s like painting walls and picking out furniture for your digital abode, making it a sight to behold.

And if you’re really feeling adventurous, toss in JavaScript into the mix. This little gem can breathe life into your website, adding dynamic content without users needing to hit refresh. Imagine letting folks change website colors with just a click – that’s the power of JavaScript.

So, in a nutshell, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript – they’re the trio shaping the web as we know it.

Now, let’s talk about the anatomy of HTML.

HTML is all about tags – opening tags, closing tags, you name it. Want to drop some text on your site? Slap it between <p> and </p>. Easy peasy. Every visible element on a webpage is an HTML element. It’s like building blocks for your digital playground.

And when you’re saving your HTML masterpiece, remember the file format “.html”. It’s the digital passport for your web creation. Plus, your HTML file needs to have some structure – think of it like a blueprint. Take a peek at this snippet:

 

That’s the lowdown on HTML, folks. Now go and create some web wonders!